Public Participation in the Design and Planning as a Tool to Achieve Sustainable Community: With Special Reference to the use of the ‘Planning for Real’® Technique
Public participation now seems imperative and secure as a key principle of neighbourhood renewal. The current Head of City Council in Malaysia as known as City Hall of Kuala Lumpur (CHKL) have made commitment towards Agenda 21, as a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally especially concerning public participation in redesign of neighbourhood parks in Kuala Lumpur. CHKL had tried to implement public participation in several cases of upgrading and redesigning neighbourhood parks. However, this level of public participation only involves one-way communication. CHKL is optimising to improve and enhance the effectiveness of public participation by seeking deciding together with community and to empower their interest. Consequently, the research has been begun in searching the appropriate method of public participation that achieved the level of consultation could be adapted and adopted to Kuala Lumpur. This paper will, in particular discuss about the possibility of using “Planning For Real” as one of the prominent method of public participation in which related to parks in Britain into Malaysia context. “Planning For Real” has been exercised in Kuala Lumpur last year. The author has recently investigated that “Planning for Real” method has a lot of advantages that appropriate to be adapted into Kuala Lumpur. Neighbourhood Initiatives Foundation, (1995) stated that “Planning For Real” has been used since the late 1970s as a means for giving local people a ‘voice’ and professionals a clear idea of local people’s needs in order to bring about an improvement to their own neighbourhood or community. Whilst its origin is in Britain, it has become increasingly widespread throughout the world. In recent years the “Planning for Real” kit has become popular in some developing countries and a modified version is under development. The research has been carried out through qualitative method where semi-structured interview and direct observation has been used to gain the data. In the end, this study unveils whether Planning for Real technique could be incorporate into the design and planning process in landscape development in relation to achieve a sustainable community and development.
Keywords: Public Participation, Planning for Real, Sustainable Community
Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos
Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University