GIS Application for the Digital Alphabetization in Rural Areas: A Case in Galicia-Spain
The GIS-T research group of the University of Santiago de Compostela has designed a technical tool for the digital alphabetization of resident communities in rural areas. It is a Geographical Information System that allows to plan the activities and improves the management of public and private efforts in the diffusion of ICT utilities among people, regulating the spatial and strategic distribution of the work that technicians must develop to alphabetize digitally a marginalized community. With this GIS tool thematic maps are obtained that chart the presence and use of ICT in the pilot municipality of Brion-A Coruña (NW-Spain) and digital contents generated by www.InfoBrion.com webpage management system, of Brion Pobo section as well as Cibereducation platform. The cartographic representation of the digitized contents of InfoBrion clearly show which are the parishes and establishments that generate more information of interest for the virtual community, giving place to spaces more or less emphasized in the mentioned community. Then, it allows to locate the spaces and establishments which are more and less connected to the Information Society. The contents in these virtual networks are of big interest in order to favour the diffusion of the ICT and to conquer the Digital Breach allowing to organize and to face strategically the community alphabetization task. Thus, with this cartographic tool we can know where the computers are, the objective of their use, the cell phones distribution, the territorial diffusion of newspapers among families or the type of Internet connection they have. We can know the villages which are connected or not to the network and consequently impel a programs of social intervention and digital alphabetization where they are more necessary. For example, we can direct the efforts on digitization of the elders’ oral testimonies, traditions or any local cultural declaration to post in the website of InfoBrion, achieving the attention towards the new technologies, Internet and computer of families and resident communities in the marginalized establishments of the Information Society.
Keywords: Information Society Atlas, Digital Divide, Rural Cultural, Geographical Information System, Territorial Diffusion
Dr. Carlos Ferrás Sexto
Director, Center of Euro-Regional Studies, University of Santiago de Compostela