A 'New Approach' Analysis of 'Technology'
In this presentation the results of a study into the structural pre-conditions of technology as technology, in an ontical structural framework, will be highlighted. In the literature of Science and Technology Studies (STS) many variations of terminology like technology, techno-science, technics and technical and various definitions or descriptions within different frameworks can be identified. An attempt was made, from current STS literature, to isolate the ‘unique characteristics’ of the technical, as societal process, in order to distinguish it from all ‘non-technical’ conditions. Starting from the notion of ‘meaning in context’ and assuming an underlying orderliness in reality, the societal interaction of the technical process was considered. From this a model was identified and tested empirically. New insights from the model highlighted the link of various dissimilar activities and artefacts interlaced into a distinguishable totality in the technical process in society. Furthermore, it was discovered that ‘valid’ meanings or conclusions in a specific context were sometimes transferred to different contexts which invalidated the conclusions or meanings resulting in what I called ‘contextual fallacies’, with the result that more confusion arose instead of more clarity.
Keywords: Technology, Techno-Science, Techno-Knowledge, Techno-Literacy, Techno-Practice
Head of Department: Public Relations and Information Studies, Faculty of Arts