Technological Determinism vs. Autonomous Technology: The Matrix
I would like to begin with a simple matrix where, first, technological determinism is contrasted with autonomous technology and, second, technological optimism is contrasted with technological pessimism. When we overlap the two it appears that the two most powerful and influential matrix sections, out of the resulting four, come up with “optimistic technological determinism” and “pessimistic autonomous technology.” The easiest way to illustrate the former is to refer to the work of Jacques Ellul and Martin Heidegger. The latter is, of course, the basis of a commonly accepted mantra of modern technocratic societies. It is my intention to further inquire into the reasons why is technological determinism usually coupled with an optimistic attitude while autonomous technology usually invokes pessimism.
Keywords: Technological Determinism, Autonomous Technology, Optimism, Pessimism, Heidegger, Ellul, Technocracy
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy