A New Theory in Tropical Landscape Design For School Grounds: A Case of Outdoor Classrooms for Primary Schools in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

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This study is about opportunities for the use of outdoor classrooms in tropical climates, such as Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. It investigates the possible advantages of teaching and learning school subjects at primary level, in outdoor classrooms in Malaysia, using the outdoor environment to improve student comfort levels and to provide enhanced learning opportunities. Preliminary investigations of hypothetical post occupancy evaluations and thermal comfort studies have shown positive results for outdoor classrooms in ‘heat island’ urban areas such as Kuala Lumpur. The paper also considers the economic benefits of reduced building costs. This paper reports on the ongoing research towards possible improvements to the ‘indoor exam orientated’ school system in tropical countries like Malaysia. These research is a framework for 'urban heat island' area in tropical climate. It is practically applicapble in area where land value is not a problem in terms of costs. It is in a way to develop understanding in a multi cultural society.


Keywords: Outdoor, Classroom, Tropical, Climate
Stream: Technology in Education
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Maheran Yaman

Lecturer/Head of Department, Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

An academia in landscape architecture reside in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Teaching in a 20 years old university consists of 100 international nations. Currently, involved in self sustained development for disabled in local village, using herbs as therapy and economic return. Also, is on an on-going research about colonial landscape archeology back home in Malaysia.
A research member too with Kyoto University under JSPS undergoing a research about Mangrove.

Ref: T08P0002