The High School Equalization Policy Trap in Korea
One of the key issues concerning the High School Equalization Policy (HSEP) in Korea is whether or not the policy would ultimately reduce high school students’ academic achievement. This study explores the impact of the HSEP on students’ achievement in Korea. The HSEP refers to an educational policy allotting middle school graduates to high schools on the basis of residence. However, there are severe arguments and concerns regarding this policy. Using the College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT) data for Korea from 2000 to 2004, the study estimates that the extension of the HSEP proposed by the government in 2002 significantly raised the proportion of lower scores on the CSATs. As a result, the Gini Index decreased drastically by more than 10% in 2002. The findings indicate that, the extension of the HSEP did significantly impact student achievement. The study also argues that the government should release the official educational data for future research of the impact of the HSEP on high school students achievement.
Keywords: Equalization Policy, Truncated Data, Gini Index, High School Student Achievement
Jae Ho Cho
Affiliation not supplied