Towards a Decision-Oriented Science and Technology
Science, Technology, Society, Decision-Oriented Science and Technology
The emergence of “decision-oriented science and technology“ can be seen as the science system’s response to new demands made by society on science. In the modern scientific landscape we can see yet more a special type of scientific discipline - a scientific-technological discipline. New scientific-technological disciplines are unique in that they emerge at the interface between the scientific and engineering activities and are supposed to ensure an effective interaction of the two aforementioned types of activity. Characteristic of the scientific-technological disciplines is a more close relationship with the engineering practice. The specific feature of management organization in these disciplines is that the relevant research is financed both from the budget and on the profit—and—loss basis. All this predetermines the specific structure of the scientific and engineering community composed not only of scholars conducting research solely in this particular field but also of representatives of other disciplines and a large share of engineers. Modern scientific-technological disciplines evolves in “non-classical” way. There first evolves some rather general specifically approach enjoying “universal” application. Then it is gradually adjusted to a definite problem area - complex scientific and engineering problem. Behind the phenomenon is a broad scientific movement which may result a new scientific discipline. It can be also a political decision for the supporting of this new scientific and engineering direction with a hope to receive in the future the useful effect for society, like in the case of nanotechnology. Though at first glance the main task here is a synthesis of heterogeneous knowledge, theoretical notions and methods, it implies co-ordination, alignment, management, and organization of different activities aimed at solution of a certain integrated scientific and engineering problem.
Human Technologies and Usability
Paper Presentation in English
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Prof., Dr. Vitaly G. Gorokhov
Visiting Scientist, Institute for Technology Assesment and Systems Analysis, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe
Born in Moscow, Russia, in 1947. He studied electronic engineering and philosophy (Lomonosov University) in Moscow and received his doctoral degrees in 1975 („Methodology of Systems Engineering“) and in 1986 („Methodological Analysis of the Development of the Theoretical Knowledge in the Modern Engineering Sciences“) in the Institute for Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). He founded in 1988 Research Group for Philosophy of Technology in this Institute and is currently a leading scientist there. At the same time he is scientific coordinator of the German-Russian Postgraduate College and the International Academy for Sustainable Development and Technologies at the University of Karlsruhe, from 1.08.2006 also as visiting scientist in the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis of the Research Center of Karlsruhe (FZK) in Germany. He was also in 1993-2000 managing coordinator of the international project for the environmental monitoring of the ecological dangerous objects and in 2001/2002 visiting professor at the economical faculty of the University of Bremen and in 2004/2005 in University Witten/Heideke. He is also from 2005 professor of the Moscow State Lomonosov University and and director of the International Research Center for Social Consequences of Scientific and Technological Development and Innovation (Moscow State University). From 1.08.2006 he is also as visiting scientist in the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis of the Research Center of Karlsruhe (FZK) in Germany. He was published 180 articles and ten books in Russian, German and English.
senior scietist, Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH
Born 1945, studied law, political science, sociology and philosophy at the universities of Frankfurt a. M and Berlin, diploma 1971; research scientist at the University of Frankfurt/M 1973-1973 and within the Studiengruppe für Systemforschung, Heidelberg. Since 1984 senior scientist within the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS); guest professorships at the universities of Bremen (Germany), Moscow (Russia), Tampere (Finland), San Sebastian (Spain); member of the Board of the International Academy for Sustainable Development and Technology at the University of Karlsruhe; vice-director of the International Research Center for Social Consequences of Scientific and Technological Development and Innovation (Moscow State University).