Social and Environmental Impact of Technological Lock-in: Case of OOXML in India

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Present paper attempts to examine social and environmental impact of adoption of OOXML in India. OOXML is a proposed open standard format for documents by the Microsoft. Background for the paper is grounded on the analysis, whether the OOXML format is a case of 'technological lock-in'. Analysis infer that the OOXML leans towards lock-in, and adoption may result in the disadvantages of technological lock-in, increased cost to access information technology, dependency on single vendor and restricted users' choices. This will hamper the ongoing ICT developmental efforts of the Indian government in building the information society. Also, required up-gradation process to adopt OOXML might result in increased e-waste in India.


Keywords: Open Document Format, ODF and OOXML, Social and Environmental Impact, India
Stream: Technology in Community
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Vigneswara Ilavarasan

Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi, India

P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan is presently Assistant Professor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. He obtained his PhD (Sociology) from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur. He held a two-year Post-doctoral Fellowship at the International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, before joining IIT Delhi. He has also taught at the Central University, Pondicherry, for a year. His research interests are the Sociology of Work and Industry; and Science, Technology & Society, with a focus on the Indian Information Technology industry.

Shantanu Gupta

Affiliation not supplied
New Delhi, India


Ref: T08P0136