Relations Between Culture, Environment and Technology: Concept of Artificialisation
The dichotomy of nature and culture has remained for various epoches, and various traditions one of the key ideological oppositions. Today we are living in an age when this distinction seems to be on the brink of extinction. The artificialisation means the disappearance of clear boundary between nature and artifical. Our age is undoubtedly the age of technology. Technology, in one form or another, has always been a significant element of human condition. Both physical environment and human organisms are influenced by technology. Human beings have already changed nature totally. The idea of all technology may be to control and transform the natural world. Wild nature in Earth is becoming very rare or even idealization. Environmental influences are processes as old as human culture. The human influences on physical and biological environment are manifold. Evolutionary process has within fifteen thousand years transformed the biophysical world from one to which the human species was small influences to one where the human is main geophysical agent. There is only one more border area to colonize - the cultural resources of mankind. The culture that we have always considered man’s naturally evolved environment is to be redefined as an artificial environment with countless opportunities. The artificialisation of culture means actually creating artificial cultures according to our aims and needs. Two directions for creating artificial cultures are being evolved. The first is the computer modelling of cultures, with which completely artificial simulations of cultures are being formed, while the second is with synthetic worlds, which are simulated communications environments with which people are interacting. The goal of artificial cultures is clear – technologically modified or constructed cultures. One day in the future it may mean totally new, artificially constructed cultures. For now, it means the modification, alteration and adaptation of the existing ones.
Keywords: Culture, Environment, Technology, Artificialisation, Artificial Culture
Dr. Kurmo Konsa
Associated Professor, Chair of Archival Studies, Tartu University